- Tilia cordata
- Skogslind (S)
- Lime (GB)
- WinterLinde (D)
- Le tilleul (F)
- Small-leaved lime is the most common and widely spread deciduous tree providing finewood in Finland.
- Lime grows naturally throughout Europe.
- In Finland it can be found wild as far north as Rovaniemi.
- Lime withstands a more continental climate than other finewood species in Finland.
Lime requires a dry or fresh nutritious soil as its habitat.
It grows on warm forested slopes of ridges and alongside streams.
Lime prefers semi-shade.
It is fast-growing, especially in nutritious habitats.
Lime produces quality wood in nutritious and calcareous grassy woodland soils.
- Lime can grow 30 meters high, and its trunk may have one or several limbs.
- Even in poor habitats limes survive as bushy undergrowth and isolated trees due to their ability to grow shoots and withstand shade.
- Young limes need to be grown densely in order to prevent branching.
- Limes growing in forests have straight trunks, whose lower parts are free of knots.
- Small-leaved lime may grow into a rather large tree with a sturdy trunk and a leafy crown.
Properties of the wood
- Lime wood is pale yellowish, lightweight and it does not have distinguishable heartwood.
- The wood is straight grained, soft and crackless.
Lime is easy to work in carpentry.
The weight of air-dry sawn timber is 500 kg/m3.
A-class wood is free of knots and even in colour. Hard and darker heartwood is acceptable.
B-class lime wood may contain a few knots and variation in colour. It is used for hidden structures and utility articles.
C-class wood may have damage caused by fungi and insects.
The wood specimens have been surface treated as such:
- Left, water-based acrylic lacquer
- Center, no treatment
- Right, two component catalystlacquer or oil
Lime is easy to work. It is used for making art objects, decorative items, musical instruments and furniture.
It is also used for prostheses and tooth picks.
The thin and tough bast fibres, in the phloem layer under the bark, have been used for making bast ropes and baskets.
As firewood it is bad due to its weak heating value. It does, however, provide excellent charcoal.