Types of glues

Dispersion glue

  • usually polyurethane glue, PVAc (Erikeeper type)
  • shrinks when glued
  • tolerates a little moisture
  • minor health hazards
  • durable and colourless

Epoxy glue

  • a two-component product
  • water-resistant
  • classed as a sensitizer, harmful to skin contact
  • also glues oily wood, such as teak
  • also suitable for joining wood and metal together

Polyurethane glue

  • used less in the carpentry industry
  • suitable for connecting wet pieces to each other. Finger joints of boards and the log industry
  • long drying time
  • for demanding carpentry joints

Urea glue

  • mainly used in veneering and lamination work
  • glue used by the particle board industry

Phenol glue

  •  high-frequency glue used by the plywood and laminated beam industry

Resorcinol glue

Melamine glue

Natural glue

  • water-soluble
  • used, for example, in furniture restoration
  • glue preferred by musical instrument builders
  • the adhesive joint opens easily by steaming
  • contains no substances harmful to health
  • does not cause discoloration of the wood, as it is only slightly acidic or alkaline
  • natural glues include casein glue from milk protein, hot-setting, bone, hide and pearl glues from gluten and albumen glue from blood